Elden R. Strahm Emeritus Professor of Structural Virology
All imaging techniques based on multiple copies of the object imaged (e.g. X-ray crystallography and cryoEM reconstructions) depend on closely similar appearances from one observation of the object to the next. Unlike crystallography, CryoEM places no constraint on the object and at the moment of freezing a biological specimen can assume a range of spatial occupancies that depend on the intrinsic dynamic restraints of the specimen. A novel analytical approach to cryoEM reconstructions will be presented that characterizes the continuous 3 dimensional heterogeneity of an ensemble of particles resulting in variance maps that reveal dynamic features that are not obvious in the cryoEM density. Three examples will be discussed where variance maps revealed intrinsic, localized particle heterogeneity associated with chemical mechanisms of virus maturation. (Wang, Q., Matsui, T., Domitrovic, T., Zheng, Y., Doerschuk, P. C., and Johnson, J. E. 2013. Dynamics in cryo EM reconstructions visualized with maximum-likelihood derived variance maps. J Struct Biol 181:195-206).